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A brain injury is one of the worst types of personal damages a person can suffer. The brain is a complex powerhouse of nervous tissue. It is responsible for cognitive and behavioral control, interpreting sensations, and initiating body movements. When the brain sustains an injury, these sensitive tissues can sustain damage and cease to function properly – resulting in temporary or permanent disability, paralysis, and brain death. Many different accidents can result in traumatic brain injuries (TBIs), from a car crash to a sports-related incident. Learning the types of TBIs can help you grasp how much is at stake in a personal injury accident.
A concussion is the most common type of brain injury. Concussions result from direct blows to the skull, violent head shaking, assault wounds, and forces from a whiplash injury in a car crash. In a concussion injury, the brain’s blood vessels may stretch, damaging cranial nerves. Minor and moderate concussions will not result in loss of consciousness, but they can cause dizziness, confusion, nausea, headache, sleeping problems, behavioral changes, and memory loss. Severe concussions will result in lost consciousness, if only for a few seconds. A concussion can take a few months or a few years to heal.
A contusion can result from a direct impact to the head, such as a falling object. When there is bleeding in the brain, or a bruise, physicians call it a contusion. Large contusions may need surgical removal. When there are contusions at the site of the impact and on the opposite side of the brain, doctors call it a coup-contrecoup injury. When the force impacting the head causes a contusion and moves the brain enough to cause it to hit the wall of the skull, this causes the second contusion.
A diffuse axonal injury occurs when something shakes the head rapidly, such as with Shaken Baby Syndrome. It may also occur with strong rotation of the head or rotational forces, such as in a car accident. A diffuse axonal injury occurs when the brain’s movement lags behind the movement of the skull, tearing brain structures. This causes nerve tissue damage and the release of brain chemicals, in turn disrupting the brain’s natural communication and chemical processes. A diffuse axonal injury can cause coma, brain damage, or death.
One of the most severe levels of brain injury is penetration, when an object penetrates the skull and enters the brain. Penetration can occur during violent assaults, from gunshot or knife wounds. Objects may enter the skull, pass through the brain, and come out of another side of the skull, potentially rupturing brain tissue. Objects may also ricochet within the skull, increasing the amount of damage. Firearms are the greatest cause of death related to TBIs.
No matter what type of brain injury you suffer, learn your rights as an injured accident victim in South Carolina. If a negligent party causes your brain injury, you may be eligible to receive a sizeable settlement. At HawkLaw, we know securing a settlement won’t take back you or your loved one’s brain injury. It can, however, go a long way toward regaining control of your life. Pursuing compensation can provide you with the money you need to cover your medical expenses, lost wages, pain and suffering, and emotional distress.
A major life-altering injury like a TBI deserves the attention of skilled brain injury lawyers in South Carolina. The legal team at HawkLaw knows how difficult living with a brain injury can be. Call 888-HAWKLAW to set up your free consultation* today.